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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word, document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal. 


  • If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  • No part of this submission has been plagiarized from previously published sources.  When necessary prior literature is properly referenced.

    Note: Each submission will be analyzed by software that scans the medical literature for possible plagiarism.

Author Guidelines

Reference Instructions for Authors

Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of their references and for correct text citation.


  • Number references in the order they appear in the text; do not alphabetize.
  • In text, tables, and legends, identify references with brackets [ ] and in arabic numerals, for example: [1].
  • When listing references, follow sample #1 and abbreviate names of journals according to the journals list in PubMed. List all authors and/or editors up to 6; if more than 6, list the first 3 followed by “et al.” Note: Journal references should include the issue number in parentheses after the volume number.
  • Include links to all online media, as exhibited in sample #1.

Samples of reference style based on JAMA’s style:


1. Svetkey LP, Stevens VJ, Brantley PJ, et al; for the Weight Loss Maintenance Collaborative Research Group. Comparison of strategies for sustaining weight loss: the Weight Loss Maintenance randomized controlled trial. JAMA. 2008;299(10):1139-1148.

2. Ramphal R. Infections due to Pseudomonas species and related organisms. In: Fauci AS, Braunwald E, Kasper DL, et al, eds. Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine. 17th ed. New York, NY: McGraw Hill Medical; 2008:949-956.

3. The key and critical objectives of JAMA Accessed December 29, 2008.

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